Elephants are among the most intelligent creatures in the “animal world.” Some of their most remarkable acts of intelligence include empathy; highly complex social structures; the ability to recognize themselves in a mirror; long memories of migratory routes and the behaviors of other species; and the ability to be taught. Their level of intelligence enables them to be knowledgeable — to know how to handle various situations, make decisions, and communicate among the herd. Elephants even know which branches to seek out if their tummy is upset.
Human intelligence was demonstrated earlier this week at summit held in Gaborone, Botswana, hosted by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) and the government of Botswana. Representatives from 30 countries that are critical in deciding the fate of elephants participated: key African elephant range states including Gabon, Kenya, Niger and Zambia and ivory transit states Vietnam, Philippines and Malaysia, and ivory destination states, including China and Thailand. The Associated Press reports:
“One of the 14 measures the delegates committed to involves classifying wildlife trafficking as a “serious crime.” According to the IUCN, this will unlock international law enforcement co-operation provided under the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, including mutual legal assistance, asset seizure and forfeiture, extradition and other tools to hold criminals accountable for wildlife crime. Other measures agreed upon include engaging communities living with elephants in their conservation, strengthening national laws to secure maximum wildlife crime sentences, mobilizing financial and technical resources to combat wildlife crime and reducing demand for illegal ivory.” (click here and here for full story)
Helping to create a world in which elephants and humans can co-exist comfortably requires knowledge that we humans do not yet possess. Critical to these efforts is better knowledge on elephant populations and locations. Elephants Without Borders, a Botswana-based conservation group, has the skill set to do a Pan-African survey of elephant populations, but not the means or equipment. Enter Microsoft co-founder and eco-philanthropist, Paul Allen. During the Summit, Allen committed $8 million to fund such a survey, including the three airplanes and two helicopters required by EWB scientists. The donation will enable the survey to be conducted during the 2014 dry season across all 13 elephant range countries. (click here for full story)
This gift of knowledge increases the chances of success for all programs directed toward helping elephants survive, whether related to habitat, policing, prosecuting or education. The noise level is increasing, and not a moment too soon. Elephants are currently being killed faster than they can breed. And there is nothing intelligent about that.